After getting international protection as recognized refugee or subsidiary protection and residence right, you can apply to receive your resident permit as an electronic ID card type ‘A’ during your residence in Belgium.
The person who received international protection as refugee should submit his/her request in municipality of residence region to receive the A card with following necessities:
For subsidiary protection beneficiaries, the Immigration Office itself gives instructions to the municipality to register the person and issues the residence permit, as an electronic A card.
Renewal of the residence card must be demanded at the municipality 30 – 45 days before its expiration date.
After your temporary residence for 5 years as a refugee or subsidiary protected person, starting on the day you applied for asylum, you will receive an electronic B-card. It is the proof of registration in the Register of foreign nationals for unlimited residence.
If you obtain Belgian nationality, you will lose your refugee status.
There are two procedures to obtain Belgian nationality:
1) Declaration of nationality
The conditions to become a Belgian citizen through a declaration of nationality are too numerous to be listed here. You can apply for Belgian citizenship after your residence in Belgium for 5 years starting the day of submitting your asylum request.
If you have a Belgian spouse for 3 years or a Belgian child, you need to wait for 5 years as well.
You make a declaration of nationality before the civil registrar at your municipal office. The registrar will give you the necessary information about the documents that are required.
You can ask the Helpdesk recognised refugees and stateless persons of the CGRS for the birth certificates and refugee certificates which are needed for your declaration of nationality.
More information can be obtained from the municipal office of your place of residence. The Helpdesk recognised refugees and stateless persons of the CGRS issues the birth certificate needed for your application for naturalisation.